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Skill: Enchant
Governing Attribute:
Recharge Item: +5.0
Create Magic Item: +5.0
Use Magic Item: +0.1
Cast When Strikes: 0
The enchant discipline concerns imbuing physical items with magical properties called enchantments. The simplest enchantment are magical scrolls with a single enchantment that are destroyed with one use. The most complex enchantments are enchanted artifacts, objects with one or more magical effects powered by built-in soul gems. Skilled enchanters also use enchanted items more efficiently, with less waste of the magicka trapped in the soul gems.

Enchanting is the process of permanently applying a magical effect to an item by harnessing the power of a creature's soul. This skill governs the creation, use, and recharging of enchanted items. Skilled enchanters are more likely to be successful at creating new items, their enchanted items use less power and are recharged more efficiently by soul gems.

Character Creation

The following races receive bonuses to their Enchant skill:

The following classes have Enchant as a Major skill:

The following classes have Enchant as a Minor skill:


The Master Trainer for Enchant is Qorwynn in Indoranyon. Be aware that Qorwynn is hostile, and will attack you on sight. Using a calm spell and bribing him up to the point that he doesn't attack you anymore is the simplest way to receive training from him, but alternatively you can use 100% chameleon and he will happily speak to you. Unfortunately, there are very few other trainers of this skill, and none of them train to a particularly high level. See Enchant Trainers for the complete list.


The following books will increase your Enchant skill:


The following factions include Enchant as one of their favored skills:

General Tips

The NPC enchanting menu

Enchanting items can be one of the most exciting - and powerful - features in the game. With the wide selection of spell effects and items to enchant, the possibilities are practically endless.

To enchant an item, you will need:

  1. A soul gem containing a soul
  2. An item to be enchanted
  3. A spell or spell effect (you must have the spell in your inventory)
  4. An enchanter (or do it yourself!)

Details on each of these items are below.

How to Enchant

The easiest way is simple: find the local Mages Guild or an enchanter. Although they have a 100% success rate, they charge an exorbitant amount of money to enchant with even the simplest of spells (for example, a simple Light 20 pts. for 30 secs. enchantment costs thousands of gold). They will notice if you ask them to enchant using a soul gem or an item you stole from them.

The other method of enchanting requires no NPC - just drop a filled soul gem onto your character (like equipping it) to access the enchanting menu (you can recharge a magic item or enchant a new one this way). Using this method costs no gold, but there is a pretty high rate of failure, which will cause you to lose the soul gem in the process, though the item is not destroyed, fortunately. Even with a maxed out Enchant skill and Intelligence, you can only successfully enchant relatively low level powers (up to 30 enchant points with a moderately high failure rate). Using Alchemy or other magical means to boost Intelligence into the hundreds or thousands will allow you to attempt more complex enchantments. An Intelligence fortified to 4900 or an Enchant skill fortified to 1225 will be enough to guarantee the success of any enchantment.

Why Enchant?

Enchanted items are basically an extra reservoir of magicka that you can use. Enchanted items slowly recharge, even in city areas where you can't recover magicka without accessing a bed or around enemies where you aren't allowed to rest. A one point Summon Bound Weapon for 18 seconds item will actually recharge that one point before the spell effect wears off even with low enchant skill. With a higher Enchant skill you can use enchanted items more times before their charge is exhausted.

Additionally, all enchanted items have a casting cost that is based on your Enchant skill, not your skill in the relevant spell school. For example, your Mysticism skill may be too low to predictably cast an Almsivi Intervention spell when you need one, but if you get an enchanted item with the spell, you can cast it without any skill in Mysticism whatsoever. Enchanted items never fail and have a zero casting time so you can stack damage or healing effects faster than by casting spells, which have a short but noticeable cool down.

Although you are limited to wearing only one Amulet, two Rings, etc. at a time, the game allows you to use any magical item that you have in your inventory, automatically equipping it for you when you use it. Finally, you can create Constant Effect items, so that merely equipping them gives you the effect, without needing to cast anything. Overall, once your Enchant skill becomes high enough, you might never cast a spell again.

Spells and Spell Effects

There is possibly a confusion between a Spell and a Spell Effect. For instance, the Hearth Heal spell you can buy (or start with if Restoration is one of your Major skills) has the spell effect Restore Health. Once you have this spell, or any other spell with the Restore Health effect, you can enchant and create spells using this effect (for any target type). Note that some effects have multiple types. For example learning any Fortify Attribute spell gives you the ability to enchant an item which will fortify any of your eight attributes. If you buy a spell that increases Strength, you will be able to use that effect to create a spell or item to increase Endurance as well (you don't need to find eight different spells for all the attributes). Likewise for Absorb, Damage, Drain, and Restore Attribute effects, and also for Absorb, Damage, Drain, Fortify and Restore Skill effects.

Enchanting Successfully

The percent chance to successfully self-enchant an item is:


Enchantment points refers to the amount of points used by the enchantment, not the maximum enchantment points the item can hold.

To successfully enchant quality items on your own, you will need a high Enchant skill, a lot of Intelligence, and a high bit of good Luck. At first, you will only be able to make the most basic of enchanted items successfully. You should practice first by using or recharging already-enchanted items. Unfortunately, even if you've maxed your Enchant, Intelligence and Luck, the most advanced enchantments (such as Constant Effect) will still be out of reach for you. The only way to successfully create these higher end enchantments without paying large amounts of gold to professional enchanters is to use magical effects to artificially increase your Intelligence. The most effective way to do this is via Alchemy.

You can also create an "Enchanting Suit", by creating items with Fortify Intelligence enchantments. You'll have to start with "Cast when Used" items, and with relatively low values, but if you keep at it, you'll be able to gradually build up a better and better Enchanting Suit, since each piece will increase your ability to make better pieces. (You can sell the weaker pieces that you're not using anymore.) Eventually, you can build a full suit of Fortify Intelligence clothing at the highest strength available, or even Constant Effect. From then on, simply wearing the suit whenever enchanting things will give you enough of a boost to create high level enchantments. (Though you still may have a less than 100% chance of succeeding.)

When you have 100 points of Intelligence, stop boosting Intelligence and boost your Enchant skill. To make a high level enchanted item you need over 1000 points of Intelligence but only 500 points of Enchant. So, it's easier to boost your Enchant skill than your Intelligence.

If you have the Tribunal expansion, you can buy Fortify Skill spells from Nerile Andaren in the Mournhold Temple's Halls of Ministry and from Laurina Maria in the Imperial Cult Services in the Royal Palace. With Bloodmoon installed you can also buy them from Bronrod the Roarer in the Skaal Village on Solstheim.

Mining Souls

The six different types of soul gem, from left to right: petty, lesser, common, greater, grand and Azura's Star

In order to enchant an item you will need a filled soul gem, which you can buy from enchanters (see above) or fill yourself. You will need plenty of souls if you wish to effectively train your enchant skill. To acquire a soul, you must cast a Soultrap spell on a creature before you kill it. You must have an empty Soul Gem large enough to contain the creature's soul in your inventory. You must kill the creature before the duration of the spell finishes. More powerful creatures hold larger souls which can be used to create greater enchantments. It's a good idea to match the size of the gem to the strength of the creature's soul. For instance, trapping a Nix-Hound's soul (10) in a grand soul gem (whose maximum capacity is 600) is a waste of a rare and powerful soul gem which could be used to trap much more powerful souls. It is imperative that you check your inventory every time you attempt to trap a soul so you do not waste any souls or gems in this way.

If you have multiple empty soul gems of differing sizes in your inventory the soul will go into the smallest one whose maximum capacity is equal to or greater than the value of that creature's soul.

For a list of soul gems and their maximum capacities, see below. A list of Morrowind soul sizes can be found here, Tribunal sizes here, and Bloodmoon here.

One of the quickest and easiest methods is to simply obtain a magical item or spell that summons a creature for you as well as an item or spell that casts Soultrap. Summoned creatures can be soultrapped just like regular ones. Once you have these items, its a simple matter to Summon, Soultrap, kill, and repeat as often as you need. The school of Conjuration contains many spells which summon powerful creatures, such as Golden Saints, which produce excellent souls. Additionally, summoned creatures regard your first few attacks on them as unintentional, so they pose much less of a threat than the same creatures found elsewhere.

Items enchanted with Summon and Soultrap spells can be made relatively cheaply at a Mages Guild, and you can often find Summoning and Soultrap casting items in the world. Alternatively, many enchanters will sell already-filled soul gems, though rarely of the best quality.

Constant Effect Enchantments

You can only create Constant Effect items if the size of the soul in the gem is 400 or greater. This means that only a few creatures in a Grand Soul Gem or Azura's Star will work. The only creatures whose souls are large enough to create Constant Effect enchantments are: Golden Saints (and Staada, a unique Golden Saint), Ascended Sleepers, Dahrk Mezalf (a unique Dwarven Spectre in Bthungthumz), and the Tribunal gods, Vivec and Almalexia (in Tribunal).

Large and rare souls, such as those of Almalexia or Vivec, shouldn't be used on constant effect enchantments, because their extra charge cannot be put to use. This is because the item being enchanted is the limiting factor to a constant effect enchantment, not the charge of the soul that is being used, so long as the soul qualifies for constant effect enchanting at all. Enchanting a Daedric Tower Shield (the item with the highest enchanting points) with a constant effect enchantment will have the same limitations if a Golden Saint's soul or Almalexia's soul is used. With other kinds of enchantments, these rare souls' high charge can be put to use. So only 400 charge souls, the minimum for constant effect enchantments, should be used to make constant effect enchantments.

Fortunately, you can summon Golden Saints (check the Mages Guild in Caldera for scrolls if you are a member of the guild - or buy the spell from Felen Maryon in Tel Branora, who is the only vendor anywhere who sells it), and enchant an item with the ability to summon them so the number of constant effect items you can have is limited only by the number of Grand Soul Gems you can find. Alternatively, you can use Azura's Star, which can be used indefinitely.

Enchantment Formulae

Every item has a maximum level of enchantment that it can hold, represented by the number at the top-right of the enchant menu. The first number is the current level of enchantment, and the second is the total the selected item can hold. The formulae for calculating enchantment cost for all effects are:


where the base cost is the minimal cost for each spell (see Spell Effects for the base cost).

A maximum of eight effects can be added to an item, but creating each additional spell will increase (see Compounding Effects below) the cost of the existing enchantments.


Enchanted items have a metallic glint to their appearance

Almost any equipable item may be enchanted, provided it is not already enchanted, of course. Certain item types are more suitable for carrying more powerful enchantments than others.


The best weapon in terms of enchanting is the Ebony Staff, having more than four times the enchanting power of the next highest staff. (90 enchantment points) Like most staves, it deals rather low damage, but it can carry a devastating amount of enchanted offensives — for example, if you give it Fire (or Frost), When Strikes, 1-65 Points, for 11 seconds, that's a total of 14-731 damage (with the 3-16 Slash, and it will have 400 Charges). Ebony Scimitars from Tribunal have an astounding 80 enchantment points, only somewhat lower than the ebony staff, while still being excellent one-handed swords in their own right, comparable to Daedric one-handed swords. This allows one to use a high-power, high enchantment weapon along with a Daedric Tower Shield, which is the most protective base shield and the best item for enchanting. The Daedric Claymore and Daedric Dai-katana also have a viable balance between weapon damage and enchantability.

Daedric Weapons hold the top spots for most other weapon classes as well, the one other exception being with Bows. Surprisingly, the relatively common Bonemold Long Bow has almost twice the enchantment value of the incredibly rare Daedric Long Bow. One note for enchanting bows, however: while it is possible to choose "Cast when Strike" for an enchantment on a bow, this will actually be completely useless. Why? Because you don't actually strike anything with a bow. You strike them with an arrow. Thus, you should choose either "Cast when Used" or "Constant Effect" enchantments when enchanting bows. Ammunition such as arrows and bolts may not be enchanted, though you can find already-enchanted versions of these for sale and when adventuring. Throwing weapons like stars and darts can be enchanted one at a time, but they lose their stackability in the process, so you will have to constantly re-equip them when you fight with them. You can Enchant A Carved Ebony Dart with Bound armor spells to steal clothing from NPCs without killing them. - if you're quick enough, you can hit an NPC, cast Calm, and attempt the steal.

Note that "Touch" is calculated relative to the PC, not the weapon, and has a reach of 1. With "Cast When Strikes" the enchantment will be fired when the weapon connects, however the enemy has to be within touch range for the spell to hit them. To take advantage of the greater reach of spears, staves and hammers, a "Target" spell should be used.


Armor types have a wide range of enchantability, based on both the material and the type of armor. Shields offer the best potential for enchantment by far, and remember you can still equip a shield even with a two-handed weapon. The Daedric Tower Shield is hard to find but has 225 points to enchant which is the largest of any item. Helmets are next, the best being the Telvanni Cephalopod Helm, which seems specifically made for the purpose. However, it is not very effective in terms of defense. The three Daedric helms are the next best, and far superior at protecting your head. Cuirasses and Gauntlets/Bracers are next, followed by Boots, with Greaves and Pauldrons being by far the worst. (A notable exception being the Adamantium Right Pauldron added by Tribunal or the Adamantium Armor plug-in.) One thing to be careful of is to never enchant any armor piece with a Constant Effect Bound Armor which replaces itself (e.g. a helmet with Bound Helm), as this will cause the game to crash.


Jewelry is the best type of items in general to use for enchanting, exceeded only by shields for their ability to hold enchantments. Rings and Amulets also have the advantage of being both very enchantable and very lightweight, unlike shields, so you'll probably want to carry a bunch of different enchanted jewelry items for use in different situations. Pants, Shirts, and Skirts are the next best. You can wear all three at once, so they can be combined for the most effects. Robes, Belts, and Shoes are next, Gloves being the worst. Shoes and gloves are not the best to use generally, since they cannot be worn along with boots and gauntlets/bracers.

You can easily tell the quality of most pieces of clothing simply by the name. "Exquisite" clothing items are the best, followed by "Extravagant", "Expensive", and "Common". (Gloves do not have an "Exquisite" version, so "Extravagant Gloves" are the best you can get.) One downside is that while there are many varieties of Common and Expensive clothing, there are fewer for Extravagant, and only one each for Exquisite, so any two characters wearing the best-quality clothing look pretty much the same.


One final class of enchantable items is anything made of paper. All scrolls, notes, and blank papers (but not books), can be enchanted with spells, provided they are not already enchanted. Unfortunately, most scrolls are already enchanted, and all other scrolls have an enchant value of 0. Just make sure not to do this with any items you might need for a quest, as there's nothing stopping you from ruining your game this way. In this case, there is only one type of enchantment available: "Cast Once". You can use an enchanted paper item exactly once, and it will be destroyed in the process. This is not the most popular method of enchanting, but it offers an alternative to Alchemy for zero-cost instant-action spellcasting. Also, unlike "Cast on Use" or "Cast on Strike" enchantments, your Enchant skill at the time you use the item is irrelevant, since there is no casting cost. The only thing that matters is what your skill was at the time you created the item. (Or if you paid a professional to enchant it for you, even that is irrelevant, though this service is much more expensive than it should be.)

Compounding Effects

The formula for the total cost of an enchantment with compounded effects is as follows:



  • C is the total cost of the compounded enchantment effects,
  • n is the number of effects in the enchantment, and
  • Ci is what each effect would cost if it were the only one in the enchantment.

More simply, every time you add an effect to an enchantment, the base cost of each effect already present is multiplied by the number of effects below it in the list (plus once more for itself). Even more simply, if an enchantment has 3 effects, the first effect's cost is 3 times what it would cost by itself, the second effect costs twice as much as it would alone, and the last one's cost is unchanged. A side effect of this is that the total enchantment cost can vary with the order in which you add the effects.

What does this mean? Let's say, as an example, that you want to enchant an Exquisite Shirt (60 enchant points) with a constant effect of Restore Health. If you experiment with different levels of that effect, you will find that a constant effect of "Restore Health 2-3pts on Self" costs 62 enchant points, more than you have. You can give it "Restore Health 2 pts. on Self" for 50 enchant points. However, this seems like a waste of a 60 enchant point item. You might try throwing on another effect. Restore Fatigue sounds nice. You can give an item a constant effect of "Restore Fatigue 1 pt. on Self" for 5 enchant points. So here is where the above formula comes in. If you follow your instincts, put the Restore Health on first, and add the Restore Fatigue as an afterthought, it works like this:

Restore Health 2 pts. on Self — 50 enchant points
Add another effect — double existing enchant points to 100
Restore Fatigue 1 pt. on Self — 5 enchant points, for a total of 105 (a lot more than you have)

The trick here is to do it the other way around:

Restore Fatigue 1 pt. on Self — 5 enchant points
Add another effect — double existing enchant points to 10
Restore Health 2 pts. on Self — 50 enchant points, for a total of 60 (just right)

The bottom line? Put in the small effects first. Play around with the effect you really want, then if you have enchant points left over, start over with some effect that uses up half of the remaining points, then put your original effect back. (Or for items that already have two effects, choose an additional effect that uses ⅓ of the remaining space; use ¼ for three effects, etc. If you don't get it right the first time you can, fortunately, adjust the strength of the effects without redoing the whole enchantment.) It may not seem like much, but every little bit counts. (In particular, low magnitude constant effects of Light and cast when used effects of Levitate are helpful.)

Constant Effect Tip

When making a Constant Effect Enchantment always set lowest to one (which costs the same as zero, eliminating the chance that you'll get 0 pts.) and the highest to maximum. i.e., when enchanting a Daedric Shield with a Constant Effect Fortify Strength you can make something like:

Fortify Strength 30-30 pts.

A better way to make it is:

Fortify Strength 1-60 pts.

Why? If you equip it for the first time and the effect is only 16 points or so, you can unequip and then re-equip it until the fortitude is 58 or 59 (note it can never reach the maximum). With more luck it will take less time. This way you can make better enchantments for the cost of having to equip it a couple of times. Note that this can have an annoyance factor, particularly with less durable armor, as you'll have to repeat the process every time your armor is broken. Thus, it's best to use this on either very durable armor and make sure to keep it in good repair or to use it on clothing, which is indestructible. Also, it's best to use it on items you're not likely to want to change regularly. If you have a large collection of enchanted rings and amulets for different situations, you probably don't want to use jewelry for this, or you could spend half your time just constantly re-equipping items to get the best charge out of them.

This form of enchant is also undermined by Morrowind's attribute/skill calculation; If a stat is Damaged, it cannot be restored until you unequip all items fortifying that stat. If using the maximum number of enchanted items, (cuirass, greaves, glove 1, glove 2, pauldron 1, pauldron 2, helm, pants, skirt, shirt, robe, amulet, ring 1, ring 2, shield) this can become very tedious. Every Greater Bonewalker can and will damage strength, for example. Drained Stats do not share this issue, only "Damaged" attributes will not restore properly.

The Restore family of enchantments (eg. Restore Health, Restore Fatigue etc) is handled differently from other constant effect enchantments and are not as predictable when provided a range of values to restore. These magicks, if applied as a constant effect, will actually cast the effect on a character multiple times a second and chose a different magnitude each time. If a ring is enchanted to Restore Health 4pts constantly, then at predictable intervals it will apply the effect of Restore Health 4pts to the equipped character and they would heal by 4 health. If the same ring were enchanted to Restore Health 1-10pts constantly, then at the same intervals it will apply the Restore Health 1-10pts effect which will chose a different magnitude each time it is applied and the equipping character would heal between 1 and 9 health. Repeatedly checking the magnitude of the restore effect applied to a player character by the enchanted item will show different magnitudes without re-equipping the item.

Soul Gems

There are 6 Soul Gem sizes in the game. When you capture a soul, it will go into the smallest empty Soul Gem in your possession large enough to hold it. For a list of creatures sorted by soul size, see Souls. The sizes are:

Name ID Weight Value Max Soul
Petty Soul Gem Petty Soul Gem Misc_SoulGem_Petty 0.2 10 30
Lesser Soul Gem Lesser Soul Gem Misc_SoulGem_Lesser 0.5 20 60
Common Soul Gem Common Soul Gem Misc_SoulGem_Common 1.0 40 120
Greater Soul Gem Greater Soul Gem Misc_SoulGem_Greater 1.5 60 180
Grand Soul Gem Grand Soul Gem Misc_SoulGem_Grand 2.0 200 600
Azura's Star Azura's Star* Misc_SoulGem_Azura 2.0 5,000 15,000

* Azura's Star is a special Soul Gem, given as a reward for Azura's Quest, and is fully described on the Azura's Star article. Unlike other Soul Gems, it will not be destroyed after using, so you can use it again and again.

Finding Grand Soul Gems

This list contains some locations in the game where you can find Grand Soul Gems. Unfortunately, a good number of places where you find them are random (such as crates in Smuggler's Caves).

Random Loot

One trick that helps with random loot is to know that the random items in crates and barrels in bandit caves are re-assigned every time you leave the area and re-enter, provided that you've taken nothing out of them yet.

To get loads of grand soul gems, or Skooma bottles, or whatever else you happen to be after, it is merely a matter of entering the cave, finding and taking the grand soul gems out of the crates that have them, and then exiting the cave. The easiest and fastest way to do this is Quicksave, then cast Callback or Intervention spells and then Quickload. When you return, any crate you didn't take stuff out of will have new stuff in it, and sometimes they'll have grand soul gems that they didn't have before. To save from wasting your time checking in crates that you've already taken something out of, it helps to set something useless, like a bottle of Greef, on top to mark it.

From Vendors

There are no vendors anywhere in Vvardenfell that sell un-filled Grand Soul Gems, except Balen Andrano in the Redoran Canton of Vivec, who only has one. The Tribunal expansion alleviates the issue by introducing Elbert Nermarc, a vendor who restocks 5 empty gems and can increase stock.


Constant Effect Bound Item Troubles

Do not enchant a Bound Item spell with Constant Effect on the same type of item (Bound Helm on a Helm for example). This will crash the game. Likewise, do not combine multiple Bound Items in such a way that they will cancel each other out, e.g.: Bound Helm on a Cuirass and Bound Cuirass on a Helm. If you wear both items at once, it will crash the game.

Another problem with Constant Effect Bound Item enchantments is that Bound Items will take damage just like any other items, and they can be repaired just like any other items as well. If you repair any Bound Item (either by yourself or at a Smithy), you may end up with permanent copies of your Bound Items cluttering up your inventory. (This is a problem for non-Constant Effect Bound Items as well, but generally those are more likely to expire before you do any repairs, so the issue doesn't come up as often as with Constant Effect enchantments.) See the note on the Bound Items page for instructions on how to remove these items. While using a Constant Effect bound item, simply take off the enchanted item to give you the bound item and then re-equip it. This will cause the old damaged item to disappear and be replaced with a new one.

Constant Effect Without Grand Soul

There's a bug in the original unpatched version of the game. If you select an 80k or higher soul gem, select constant effect, and then switch to a lower quality soul gem, the constant effect remains. This bug was, however, fixed in a patch for both PC and Xbox, and is not present in the most current version of the game.

Multiple Enchantments

There are also some problems with multiple enchantments. For example, if you make an amulet that casts a 100 Open spell at a distance and Telekinesis, you may end up with a permanent unlimited range telekinesis ability. This may have been fixed with later patches, however.

One Second Duration

When enchanting items with Fortify Attribute or Fortify Skill, enchantments set to a duration of one will occasionally fail to fortify the skill/attribute, but will play the correct sound and display the correct particles. To fix this, set the duration to something other than one and then change it back again.

Multiple Souls

If you cast multiple soultrap spells on a single creature (not the same spell more than once but multiple different spells), and they are all active when the creature is killed, you can receive as many souls from a single creature as the number of soultrap spells currently active on it, provided you have enough Soul Gems to hold them all.

Also, If you cast Soultrap on a creature, then kill it with a weapon Enchanted with a Cast on Strike Soultrap effect, you'll get two souls instead of one.

Perils of Constant Effect

There are problems with some constant effect enchantments. Constant Levitate prevents you from sleeping anywhere besides beds. Constant Water Walking makes it impossible to go underwater, which is required to get to certain areas or find certain items. Constant Water Breathing will cause problems for a certain quest for the Tribunal Temple, as will Constant Restore Health. Constant effect bound items also glitch a lot when you enter menu mode (right click) then un-equip and re-equip them without leaving menu mode in between. Sometimes they even glitch when you do leave menu mode between un- and re- equipping. These glitches mainly consist of keeping one or more bound items when the effect is removed. This can be solved by fully repairing the bound items and then using the console cheat player->removeitem "<item id>" X, where X is the amount of excess items. Repairing the items beforehand is required, otherwise the game will crash.

Though you can simply take off the offending item, if you used the glitch to get that constant effect, you may have problems.

Souls From Corpses

In some unpatched versions of the game, you can cast soultrap on a corpse to get as many souls as you want. This bug was, however, fixed in a patch, and is not present in the most recent version.

110 Enchanting

If you have a constant effect Fortify Skill to increase your enchanting to 110 or more, all activations of charged items cost only 1 charge, regardless of the effect.

See Also